COMP122 Practice Final Exam

Instructions: There are 50 questions on this test. It is written in a style very similar to the REAL final exam. Choose the best answer from among those given. Click the GRADE button on the bottom of the form when you want the exam graded.

Note: You can practice this test as many times as you desire; the system will cook you up a fresh batch of questions each time you access this page.

Your Name: @ 52.91.90.122

1. What library function should be used to compare character string arrays?

a) strcat
b) strlen
c) strcmp
d) None of these

2. Given the following declaration:

int Values[25];

Which expression below is equivalent to: Values?

a) &Values[0]
b) Values[0]
c) Values[-1]
d) None of these

3. What is the data type of the following expression:

22/7. + 3.14

a) Int
b) Float
c) Char
d) None of the above

4. How are comments marked in C++?

a) With the ';' character
b) With either '//' (start of line) or '/* .. */'
c) With the '++' sequence
d) None of the above

5. In order to solve a problem using a programming language, what must be done first?

a) Determine an algorithm that solves the problem
b) Write computer source code instructions
c) Define the problem
d) None of the above

6. The instructions typed by a programmer that will be compiled and executed by the computer are called:

a) Source code
b) Machine code
c) Object code
d) None of the above

7. What is the default data type returned by C functions?

a) int
b) float
c) void
d) None of the above

8. What is the effect of a return statement within MAIN()?

a) The program starts over at the first statement in MAIN()
b) The program ends and control goes back to the operating system
c) The last executed instruction repeats
d) None of the above

9. Every C statement ends with what character?

a) ','
b) '*'
c) ';'
d) None of the above

10. In C, a logical AND is indicated by what operator?

a) &&
b) ||
c) ++
d) None of the above

11. A 'for' loop is written as follows:

for(i=0 ; i<25 ; i++)
     printf("Testing %d\n", i);

What will the highest and lowest printed values of 'i' be?

a) 1 and 25
b) 0 and 26
c) 0 and 24
d) None of the above

12. What will be the output of the following FOR loop?

for(i=0 ; i<5 ; i++)
     {
     if (i==2) break;
     printf("%d", i);
     }

a) 0 1 2 3 4
b) 1 2 3 4 5
c) 1 3 4 5
d) None of the above

13. If A=1 upon entry into the code below, what will be output?

switch (a)
     {
     case 1: printf("TV is on.");

     case 2: printf("Stereo is on.");
         break;

     case 3: printf("Room lights dimmed.");
         break;

     default: printf("Say what?");
         break;
     }

a) TV is on.
b) TV is on. Stereo is on.
c) Room lights dimmed.
d) Say what?

14. Given the following declaration:

int Values[4]={1,2,3,4};

What value will be returned if the expression "*(Values+2)" is evaluated?

a) 2
b) 1
c) 3
d) Insufficient information given to solve problem.

15. What output will be produced by the DO loop below?

int i=2;

do  {
     i++;
     if (i==7) continue;
     printf("%d", i);
     }
     while(i<10);

a) 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
b) 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
c) 3 4 5 6 8 9 10
d) None of the above

16. How does a programmer give a preprocessor directive?

a) By starting a line with the '//' sequence
b) By ending a line with the '*/' sequence
c) By starting the line with the '#' character
d) None of the above

17. What is wrong with the following code?

int nValue = 25;
float* fAddr;

fAddr = &nValue;
*fAddr = *fAddr + 1;

a) It is illegal to use the expression *fAddr on the left side of an equals sign.
b) The pointer "fAddr" has not been loaded with the address of an object.
c) The pointer "fAddr" is of the wrong type (float*).
d) None of these

18. What is the meaning of the following declaration?

float* pVar;

a) pVar is a pointer to data of type FLOAT
b) pVar is a floating point variable
c) pVar is meant to have an initial value of zero
d) None of these

19. According to the way "MyFunct" is being used below, what is its prototype?

int x,y;
//
//Program logic to fill x and y with data here
//

MyFunct(x, y);

a) int MyFunct(int, float);
b) void MyFunct(int, int);
c) float MyFunct(int, double);
d) None of these

20. What is wrong with the following code?

char szPassword[24];
gets(szPassword); // Get user password

if ( szPassword == "Joshua" ) printf("Welcome!");

a) The comparison method (==) will not work with strings.
b) GETS() does not input character strings.
c) The array declaration is invalid.
d) None of these

21. What is the data type of the following expression?

"The quick brown fox jumped over the lazy dog."

a) int*
b) double*
c) float*
d) char*
e) None of the above

22. What conditions must be present for the fragment below to print the message "B is too small?"

if (a<20)
     printf("Too Small.");
     else
     if (b >= 10)
         printf("Everything is OK.");
         else
         printf("B is too small.");

a) (a < 20)
b) (a > 20) and (b >= 10)
c) (a>=20) and (b < 10)
d) None of the above

23. When do C functions need to be prototyped in single-source-file projects?

a) Prototyping is always optional in C as long as a single file contains all the source code.
b) When functions are called before they are defined (i.e., function 'below' use in listing.)
c) Prototyping is always required, regardless of where the functions are used.
d) None of the above

24. A 'for' loop makes its test:

a) At the top of the loop
b) At the bottom of the loop
c) Either the top or the bottom of the loop, as the programmer desires
d) None of the above

25. What will the output of the following code be?

double Zeta; // Holds ratio of alpha/w(nat)

Zeta = 0.707107; // Less than critically damped system
printf("Damping ratio = %10.1lf\n", Zeta );

a) Damping ratio = 0.707107
b) Damping ratio = 0.707
c) Damping ratio = 0.7
d) None of these

26. What is something that can not be done with a VOID pointer?

a) Dereferencing
b) Assignment of pointer value
c) Type-casting pointer contents to another type
d) None of these

27. For the code below to print the message "OK", what conditions are needed?

if (a<20) && (b == 25)
     printf("OK");

a) A must be more than 20, OR B must be equal to 25
b) Either A must be less than 20, OR B must be not equal to 25
c) A must be less than 20, AND B must be equal to 25
d) None of the above

28. What is the effect of the break statement?

a) The body of a running loop is repeated
b) A running loop is exited, execution resumes at next statement after loop
c) The loop counter is decremented by 1
d) None of the above

29. What is object code?

a) Incomplete machine code
b) Instructions typed in by the programmer
c) The result of the C preprocessor's operation
d) None of the above

30. Which of these lists the fundamental data types of the C language in correct order of precision?

a) INT - CHAR - FLOAT - LONG INT - DOUBLE
b) INT - CHAR - DOUBLE - LONG INT - FLOAT
c) FLOAT - CHAR - INT - LONG INT - DOUBLE
d) CHAR - INT - LONG INT - FLOAT - DOUBLE
e) None of the above

31. Given the following declaration:

struct Complex
    {
    double re;
    double im;
    };


double GetMagnitude(Complex* lpStr)
{
//...
}

To access the member 're' within the function, what notation would be used?

a) lpStr->re
b) lpStr.re
c) re
d) None of the above

32. Which standard stream below could be used to talk to the video display?

a) stdprn
b) stderr
c) stdout
d) stdaux
e) None of the above

33. Which statement below would correctly allocate an array of 500 integers by using the 'NEW' operator?

a) int* Array = new int[500];
b) new int Array[500];
c) Array[500] = new int;
d) None of the above

34. Which of these is a disadvantage of Stroked (Vector) fonts?

a) A large amount of memory is required
b) Only one color of text can be displayed
c) Rendering is a complex and slow process
d) None of the above

35. What two pieces of information are needed by 'FOPEN()' ?

a) A drive letter and file mode specifier
b) A filename and file mode specifier
c) A file mode specifier and system password
d) None of the above

36. In the Borland Graphic Interface, the coordinates (0,0) represent what?

a) The ULH corner of the video display
b) The URH corner of the video display
c) The center of the video display
d) None of the above

37. Given the following declaration:

struct Complex
    {
    double re;
    double im;
    };

If a DOUBLE uses 8 memory locations, how much memory is used up?

a) 8 locations
b) 16 locations
c) 0 locations
d) None of these

38. What must be done with open files prior to ending a program?

a) Close them
b) Write the final information into them
c) Check their contents
d) None of the above

39. What value is returned by the NEW operator when a memory allocation request fails?

a) -1
b) NULL pointer
c) 0xffff
d) None of the above

40. What is a stream?

a) A path of communication between a program and the operating system
b) A method for writing to the video screen
c) A method for checking the contents of variables
d) None of the above

41. Why is it important to open a file in the binary mode when reading and writing in-memory contents such as structures?

a) To avoid undesired translation of certain memory content values
b) To allow automatic error checking of the file contents by the operating system
c) To minimize disk space requirements
d) None of the above

42. Given the following declaration:

struct Complex
    {
    double re;
    double im;
    };

Complex Values[10];

If a DOUBLE uses 8 memory locations, how much memory is used up?

a) 160
b) 80
c) 40
d) None of these

43. When programming graphics under the DOS environment, what is typically done first within a program?

a) Close all open files
b) Read and save the current video mode
c) Clear the video screen
d) None of the above

44. When a text file has been opened and a newline '\n' character is written into it by a C program, what character sequence is actually created in the file?

a) '\n' (LF)
b) '\r' (CR)
c) '\r' '\n' (CR - LF)
d) None of the above

45. What is a structure?

a) A user-defined data type that can contains aggregate data
b) A special type of C pointer that can not be dereferenced directly
c) Another name for a C program
d) None of these

46. The pointer value obtained from the 'FOPEN()' function (when used to open a disk file) is often referred to by programmers as a/an:

a) Array
b) Structure
c) Handle
d) None of the above

47. Given the following declaration:

struct Complex
    {
    double re;
    double im;
    };

Complex Values[ xx ];

If there are 1732 memory locations free, what is the maximum value that "xx" can have, assuming that a DOUBLE uses 8 memory locations?

a) 216
b) 108
c) 132
d) None of these

48. Which stream below is normally associated with the keyboard?

a) stdout
b) stderr
c) stdprn
d) stdaux
e) None of the above

49. What happens when an object is instantiated?

a) The object is deleted or removed from memory
b) A pointer to the object is created
c) The object is dereferenced
d) None of these

50. Which standard library function below is used to move the file position indicator when implementing a random-access binary file system?

a) fopen()
b) fseek()
c) fputs()
d) None of the above

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